The spread of the corona virus around the world has changed the way of life and worldliness. In Pakistan, as in many other countries, new rules and procedures have been developed for the day-to-day running of affairs at the official level, called SOPs or Standard Operating Procedures.
Until last year, no one knew that life would change in 2020 where it would be impossible to walk, breathe, go to the market, go to offices for work, go to mosques for worship. Educational institutions and business centers will close and a large number of people will be unemployed. Every task has to live by new and surprisingly formulated guidelines.
People will be asked to distance themselves from society, wear masks and wash their hands at all times. Circles will be formed outside the shops where people will wait for their turn or people will stand outside the shop and buy bargains. Going to hospitals will be scary. All this is happening now. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.
Work to curb the spread of the corona virus in Pakistan began in February this year when, in addition to precautionary measures at the borders with neighboring countries and at all airports, regulations and procedures were put in place to prevent the spread of the virus.
What are these SOPs?
Ever since the outbreak of corona virus in Pakistan, SOPs have been circulating in the media and in daily life. It stands for SOPs Standard Operating Procedure and in general terms means a code of conduct.
These SOPs are primarily meant to devise measures or procedures to prevent the spread of the virus. These SOPs have been developed by the National Institutes of Health with the help of other departments and agencies and have been issued by the federal and provincial governments on their own. About two dozen such SOPs have been issued so far, according to the National Institutes of Health website.
These SOPs or guidelines are being amended following new and startling revelations about the corona virus.
What guidelines have been formulated so far?
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) had on February 2 issued SOPs on the arrival of international flights at various airports in the country and measures to be taken at the airports to prevent the spread of the virus. The SOPs also mentioned the process of screening passengers, keeping their records and then monitoring all of them.
Corona testing by the National Institutes of Health, movement of the general public, responsibilities of traders in markets, patient visits to hospitals, quarantine system and guidelines for affected patients, SOPs for doctors and other medical staff Rules have been developed for security personnel and staff who are in the field to prevent the spread of the virus and to distance people from society, for all of them and for others.
Steps have also been taken to carry out burial after the death of those infected with the virus under a regular system and instructions have been issued to ensure strict implementation.
Quarantine in homes
These SOPs have also been modified over time, for example, if a citizen becomes infected with the virus, he or she is initially instructed to confine himself or herself to the home.
The guidelines formulated in this regard include a separate room for the affected patient, a separate bathroom with sink and commode, and access to this room should be known to the concerned persons of the house. In addition, the patient should be in constant touch with the relevant authorities by telephone.
These SOPs needed to be modified when people from the poorer sections became infected with the virus, which makes it difficult for them to manage separate rooms and bathrooms. There is no mention in these SOPs for such patients.
Amendments were made in this regard in Punjab province and such patients were given the right to be provided this facility if they wished to stay in the quarantine centers set up by the government. These guiding principles already existed in Sindh Province, but are not mentioned anywhere in the SOPs of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
What to do to get social distance?
The main task in preventing the spread of the corona virus is to distance oneself from society, and ordinary citizens are told not to shake hands or hug anyone, but to keep a distance so that the effects of sneezing or coughing do not reach others. To be able to
Not only that, people were told to wear masks and clean their hands frequently. Guidelines for entering and leaving homes were laid down. Everyone on the front line against the virus was told to stay away from their families or take all precautions after entering the house.
Experts have repeatedly urged the general public to restrain themselves, mainly to prevent the virus from spreading so that it can be eradicated when it does not spread further. ۔
The best way to do this is to stay at home if you don’t have a job. If it is necessary to go out, do not go too close to anyone, avoid shaking hands or hugging and only greet.
If an acquaintance is found, stay at least six feet away from him. Do not give your mobile phone to anyone and do not use anyone else’s mobile phone except mobile phones and other things that you carry in your hand. Such as keys etc. Clean them with disinfectant spray.
If you’re shopping at the market, wear a mask and gloves, have a sanitizer with you, and if there’s a rush inside the store, stand outside and wait your turn.
Similarly, traders and shopkeepers have been asked to line up outside the shops. Likewise, if you are going to a bank or an office, take all these precautions there. In banks and offices, do not touch the desk, wall or other objects and use sanitizer when entering and exiting.
God willing, if you feel that you are showing symptoms of corona, do not go out of the house at all and contact a doctor immediately and follow their advice, contact people by telephone and email. Do Isolate yourself from others if you have symptoms such as fever, cough, difficulty breathing, constant chest pain or heaviness, difficulty getting up and sitting down, or red lips and face. Look at this situation and if it happens for a long time, quarantine yourself at home after contacting the doctor and stay until the result of the corona test.
If an ordinary citizen facing the corona infected or suspected to be the man?
If a person has close contact with a suspected or infected person of Corona and this contact has taken place at a distance of one meter or less for at least 15 minutes, or any moisture of that person’s body has been attached to you. SOPs have also been issued on what to do.
People who live in the same room or house with the victim or suspect, or at least spend more than two hours in the same room with such a person, can be monitored. In addition, it is important to identify and test people who come in partial or superficial contact. These may include the victim’s family, passengers traveling with the victim.
Procedures have also been devised for the health department team to contact the victim or suspect.
Regulation of mosques?
Regulations have also been drawn up for praying in mosques to prevent the spread of the corona virus.
The government has urged people to prefer praying in their homes and only imams and mosque staff to pray in congregation in mosques.
In addition, for Friday and Taraweeh prayers, the distance between the rows should be at least three meters, the carpets and rows should be removed from the floor of the mosques, the floor of the mosque should be washed with disinfectant spray, the worshipers should come from home after performing Wudhu. These include bringing prayers from home, offering prayers in the courtyards of mosques, banning people over the age of 60 and children from entering mosques, and banning gatherings after prayers.
In addition, these SOPs say that all people should come wearing masks, shaking hands and hugging should be avoided. In the last ten days of Ramadan, I’tikaf should be held in homes. Punjab and Sindh have announced a ban on I’tikaf in mosque
Rules for burial of the deceased?
Amendments have been made in the ongoing SOPs regarding the death and burial of a person affected by Corona, but it has been declared essential to take basic precautionary measures.
According to the National Institutes of Health, it is not yet clear if the person who died from the corona virus could spread the virus, but it is possible to preserve the body, conduct funeral prayers, bury it, and finally dispose of infected items in a regular scientific way. The rules of procedure from disposal to disposal have been formulated.
If a person is infected or suspected to be infected with the corona virus and dies, medical personnel have been instructed on how to protect the corpse and in what clothes and sheets to protect the corpse.
In addition, there are instructions for the medical staff on how to keep the body in the morgue, what steps should be taken if an autopsy is to be performed on the deceased.
At the official level, most of the deaths that occurred before May 5 were assigned to the medical staff to complete the last rites and burial of the deceased.
The SOPs, now released on the National Institutes of Health’s website on May 5, contain guidelines for medical personnel, as well as guidelines for family members and ordinary citizens. According to which, if the last rites and burial are performed by the medical staff, then it has to be completed with precautionary measures keeping in view the religious rites and local traditions.
If the corpse has any wounds or is losing moisture, it is necessary to clean it and dry the body completely.
Even at home, if family members are bathing and cleaning the corpse, they must take all precautionary measures and wear gloves, masks, goggles and protective clothing to protect themselves.
If the corpse is present in the house, it should not be touched or kissed and those who bathe the corpse should wash their clothes in warm water and take a bath after completing these rituals. People who have respiratory problems and are over 60 years of age should not attend these last rites. Keep children away from it too.
Code for industrial workers?
The virus can also greatly affect workers in industries. These workers have been told to clean their hands with disinfectant sanitizers containing up to 70% alcohol when coming and going to factories or workplaces.
Biometric attendance practices in industries and offices should be abandoned, washing hands with soap for 20 seconds every hour, especially when touching machines, or touching door handles and other places where other people are also Can touch
If a worker is unwell, he should not go to work and the owners and management officers of these industries should also take all precautionary measures for these workers and other staff members.
How much implementation on SOPs ?
Some people have been serious about implementing these guidelines but a large number are unable to understand the problem, which is why the government has had to take drastic measures to implement these SOPs and mobilize the administration. Has gone For this, the army has also been called in to assist the civil administration.
The administration fines, arrests and closes traders and shopkeepers who do not follow these SOPs or established rules.
The main reason for this strict implementation is to stop the spread of the virus, but a large number of people are not taking it seriously. In Pakistan, on May 9, when the lockdown was gradually phased out and businesses were allowed to open to a certain extent, the rush in the markets increased and the administration had to take strict action in almost every city of the country.
How important are these SOPs?
With the advent of the coronavirus, new information about the epidemic is emerging, and many people are taking the situation seriously without acknowledging the reality of the epidemic, even though the virus has spread to almost all parts of the world. Has engulfed countries.
These SOPs are basically the only basic principles that can be followed to get rid of this dangerous virus. For this, SOPs have been issued by the governments in all the countries and further work is being done to protect the citizens in their respective countries from this virus